||8th C. AD|
||Kaliyan, Aalinaadan, Naalu Kavi Perumaal,
Chozha Empire, which is famous for its
beauty, in wealth and has multiple small empires (small villages). In that Chozha Empire, a small town by named Thiruvaali
Nadu is found. This place is also named as "Thiruvaali Thirunagari". Lots of lakes, small flowers surrounded partks, which
can attract the attention of people who sees the villages are found.
In that, there was a small village by named
"Thirukkuraiyaloor" is found where all Vishnu bhaktas lived and explained the speciality of Sriman Narayanan are found. Aalinaadaar
who was the senai Thalaivar (Chief of the army) for Chozha Empire and had a wife by named "Vallitthiru". They both led their
life very peacefully and had much bhakti towards Sriman Narayanan.
Due to their bhakti and the good life led
by the couples, in Nala Varusham (year), Kaarthikai month, in Pournami Thursday - kaarthikai Natshatram (8yh century) a child
was born to them which is said to be the Hamsam of one of the panja Aayudham, the bow which is called as "The Saarangham".
He was named as "Neelan".
From the childhood, Neelar was taught with proper education and some
sanskrit languages too. Since, he was born in the generation of brave persons, he learnt the art of fighting learnt to use
sword, bow and arrow. He also had the capability of leading the four different forces, the elephant, the horse, the chariot
and the men forces. On hearing about the capability of both the intelligence in knowledge and the braveness, the chozha king,
(the thirumangai Naadu) gave him the position as his head of the forces.
At that time, a great poet by the crowned
name "Naarkavip perumal" lived. Since, he being a great poet defeated all the others with his poets and at that he heard about
Neelan. (Thirumangai mannan). He wanted to test his intelligence, because of this, he asked Neelar to make victory over him.
But at the same, Neelar was also equally qualified poet who can fight with the poet through various poems and finally the
poet accepted his defeat and from then, Neelar was crowned with the name "Naarkavipperumal" by the Chozha king.
Neelar also fought and led the forces on
behalf of Chozha Empire and defeated them. For his braveness, the chozha king made him as the king of Aali Nadu, having its
capital as "Thirumangai". His fighting nature made all of the enemy kings to think him as "Kaalan" (time which takes all of
our lives) and because of this, Neelar was also given the name "Parakaalan". Para kaalar means a person who cannot be reached
by anyone and a person who is away from the Kaalan (the time). Inspite of having the name as "Neelar", he was known to the
entire chozha naadu, when he became the king of Thirumangai. As a result of this, he was popularly called with the name "Thirumangai
In that time, in Deva lokam, a deva kanni by named "Sumangali" lived
and she is the head of the deva mangais. Once, she wanted to visit the bhoolokam. So, Sumangali along with other deva kanniyars
came down to the bhoolokam and first visited to Himalayan Mountain. At that time, kapila munivar was explaining about the
beauty and greatness of Sriman Narayanan. Lots of Munivars and people were found around Kapila Munivar. One among the munis,
is found ugly and his face and body is found to be damaged. On seeing him, along the deva kanniyars and also Sumangalai commented
on him and laughted at him. On seeing the bad character of all the kanniyars and specifically of Sumangali, Kapila munivar
got angry on them and gave sumangali a sabham as to born as a normal human and to become the wife to a normal human in the
On hearing this, the deva loka Kanniyar's
head, sumangali was worried and realised her mistake. She asked Kapila muni to get back the sabham.
But on seeing sumangali, as she realised
her mistake, Kapila muni told her an alternate way since the given sabham cannot be taken back. Kapila muni explained that
the Sabham given to her was due to the fate that's written and she will be got married to a great warrior and an intelligent
person, who is said to be the Hamsam of Sriman Narayanan's bow, the Saarngham and he will be king of Thirumangai which is
found in Chozha Empire. He also added that his (Thirumangai mannan's) mind is concentrated fully on war and fight and it has
to be turned towards her and his mind should be diverted towards the bhakti of Sriman Narayanan. It is done like that, she
will be led to the Vinnulagam, finally. On hearing this, Sumangali was so happy.
After this, Sumangali along with other
kanniyar went to Thirunaangoor and were attracted by a pond covered with Alli flowers. Much attracted by the beauty of the
flowers, they all got down into the pond and took bath in that. After realising the time, all the other deva Kanniyars left
Sumangali. After for a while, Sumangali searched for her friends and thought the actions that are happening are happening
according to her fate and finally she changed into a newborn baby and was found near the alli flowers in the pond.
In that place, an excellent doctor was
found, who doesn't have a child. Accidentaly, he came along the pond and was happy to find a new born child in the pond. He
thought that the God has gifted him with this child and took her to his house. His wife was also happy to see the child and
named her as "Kumudha valli" and they took care of her very much.
Years past away and one fine day, his father
said that Kumudhavalli has attained the age for marriage and asked her about the wish. At that time, she explained her birth
secret and explained him that she will be getting married to the Thirumangai Mannan. That's her fate and he will approach
her in getting married.
As the day passed, Thirumangai Mannan heard
about the beauty of Kumudhavalli and thought of meeting her and getting married to her. Soon, he went along with his soldiers
to Thirunaagoor on his horse, "Aadan Maa". He sent a message to the Vaithiyan (doctor), father of Kumudhavalli that Thirumangai
mannan had come to meet him regarding his daughter's wedding towards him.
Kumudhavalli appeared before thirumangai
mannan and both of them were attracted towards each other. Kumudhavalli put a condition that if he dedicates his life towards
the Emperumaan and he should dedicate himself for doing the service to the bhaktaas of Sri Vishnu, she can marry him. For
this conditions and will act according to that. Thirumangai mannan changed himself from the king's character to an ordinary
devotee of Sriman Narayanan and smeared Thiruman, Thirunaraiyoor in front of Thriu Naraiyoor Nambi and went towards the Vaithiyar's
Kumudhavalli also added another wish (fasting) that she has and it is
that she has to serve food for 100 bhagavadas (bhaktas) of Sri Vishnu and their feets should be cleaned by water. And that
water has to be taken and split over her head. If he agrees for his also, she has no objection of getting married to him.
For this condition also, he agreed and consulted proper prohits and fixed a date for their marriage. At last, on a very good
day, they both got married.
From then, Thirumangai Mannan as given
the words that he will dedicate the food for 1008 bhaghavadas daily. As days passed, since he spent lots of money for the
food, his wealth started to decrease. As a result of this, he could not pay the Kappam (money that has to be paid by the small
kings to the king of the Empire).
The Chozha king got angry on him and sent
some of his soldiers to ask for it. But, since Parakaalan (Thirumangai mannan) spent lots of money for the Vishnu bhaktaas,
he could pay the money to the Chozha Empire. But, at last, the chozha king sent a huge troop towards parakaalan for making
a war. But, since he was a very brave man and had enough soldiers, he could not be defeated. But, the king questioned him
that inspite of making lot of good thing and making him as a king, the return action performed by him seems to make his mind
sorry and he don't want this to happen again. And finally, he warned parakaalan if he fails to pay it, he will be promised.
Finally, he thought that he can steal money
and products from others and can spend that for satisfying the Vishnu Bhaktas. Sriman Narayanan Emperumaan was very much worried
of his divertion of the mind and thought of changing it. As a result of it, Sriman Narayanan along with Nammpiratti, sri Lakshmi
in wedding kolam went through the forest, where Thirumangai mannan stopped all the persons who are found wealthy and grabbed
their ornaments and Money. Likewise, Sriman Vishnu and Sri Lakshmi who were in the form newly married couples were stopped
by Thirumangai mannan and his soldiers. Thirumangai Mannan ordered all of them to give their ornaments and money they have
Hearing this, all the persons and also
the Maappillai (Sri Vishnu) and Manamagal (Sri Lakshmi) gave their ornaments. Thirumangai mannan checked whether all of theri
ornaments are removed but found a Kanaiyaazhi (an ornament are that is weared on the legs) on the right hand of the Maappillai.
Parakaalan asked that should be also removed for which the Maappillai said that he could not remove that and he can try if
he can do that. Neelan tried to remove that but he could not do that and finally tried to remove it through his teeth, but
also he could not do that. He questioned himself that he might be also a brave and strong person like him and from then, he
was named with the name "Kaliyan". Since, Kaliyan has a relationship with the thiruvadi of Sriman Narayanan, this action is
performed and to explain this to the world only.
Since he could not remove the Kanaiyaazhi
from his legs, he left that and ordered his main soldier "Thoalavazhakkan" to tie - up all the ornaments and money and get
them up. But, he could not lift that sack full of various precious products. Then, Thirumangai mannan tried and he too failed.
He got angry of the Maapillai and said
that he might have made some Mantram, so that they could not lift that. Sriman Narayanan, who has come in the Maappillai kolam
asked Kaliyan to come close to him, so that he can explain the Mantram. The perumal explained the Ashtaakshara Mantram, the
light words on his right eyes and thanked the perumal. From then, Thirumangai Mannan is popularly named as "Thirumangai alwar".
He finally identified that the maappillai and the Manamagan are none other than the Emperumaan and Sri Lakshmi piratti and
enjoyed the meaning of the Mantram.
His eyes were flooded in tears and his
hands were raised above his head and started to praise the perumal as
"Vaadinen; vaadi varunthinen;
Manathaar perunthuyar.... and ended with Naadinen; Naadi Naan Kandu konden Narayana Ennum Naamam"
about Sriman Narayanan with 10 Paasurams. Finally, on hearing the paasurams, the perumal gave his seva as found along with
Sri Lakshmi and on the Garudan and said him to praise about him in all the various sthalams and disappeared.
From then, he visited almost to all the
108 Divyadesam and praised and sung various paasurams on him. He wrote 6 prabhandham (ie) Periya Thriumozhi, Thirukkurunthandagam,
Thirunedunthandagam, Thiru vezhukootirukkai, Siriya Thrumadal, Periya Thirumadal, which includes total of 1137 paasurams.
He also helped in raising the Madhil Suvar
(big walls around the temple) of Sri Rangam, Sri Ranganathar temple. He brought the Nammalwar statue (Iympon silai - Statue
made up of 5 different kinds of precious ornaments like Gold, Diamonds, etc.) from Azhwar Thirunagari to SriRangam in Maargazhi
Month and a 10 day festival is done and after that he is returned back to Azhwar Thirunagari.
After Thirumangai Alwar's time the paasurams
of other Alwars is done the paarayanam (sung and explained as pagal patthu and Raa patthu utsavam.)
Like this, an ordinary person who became
a king and turned finally into alwar is best explained through the various aspects in the life of Thirumangai Alwar. Knowing
the greatness of Thirumangai Alwar, we can praise him and worship him.